Crane & Derricks in Construction
On July 28, 2010, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) issued a Final Rule regulating Cranes and Derricks in Construction. The rule addresses the four primary causes of death and injury to construction workers as well as other hazards associated with crane use including requirements for ground conditions, assembly and disassembly of cranes, inspection of equipment, working around power lines. Additionally, the rule covers the training and certification/qualification of crane operators, the use of qualified riggers, and signal person qualification.
The final rule became effective on November 8, 2010.
Significant Changes from Proposed Rule
There are several significant changes and clarifications made to the rule. These are summarized as follows:
- Employers must now comply with local and state operator licensing requirements that satisfy specified criteria in §1926.1427.
- Employers must pay for certification or qualification of their currently uncertified or unqualified operators.
- Certification tests may be administered in any language understood by the operator candidate.
- Qualified riggers must be used for rigging operations during assembly and disassembly.
- Pre-erection inspections of tower cranes must be performed.
- When the rule requires the use of insulating links, the final rule temporarily grandfathers the use of the devices manufactured before the effective date of November 8, 2010 provided that additional conditions are satisfied.
- Employers, whose employees are qualified for power transmission and distribution work, are considered to be in compliance with the final rule’s requirements for working around power lines when performing power distribution and transmission work in accordance with §1910.269.
Nationally Accredited Crane Operator Certification Programs
The final rule allows for certification of crane operators through an accredited third party crane operator testing organization that administers written and practical tests of the operator. These organizations are considered to be accredited if they have met all requirements detailed in section §1926.1427(b) (1). OSHA has given a four year phase-in period until November 10, 2014 for contractors to certify or qualify crane operators. The list below provides the names of three organizations currently recognized by OSHA to offer crane certifications. Clicking on the name of either organization listed will direct you to their website.
- National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators (NCCCO)
- National Center for Construction Education and Research (NCCER)
- Crane Institute Certification (CIC)
OSHA’s Cranes and Derricks Webpage
To assist contractors with compliance with the new rule, OSHA has developed a webpage containing fact sheets, frequently asked questions, a PowerPoint presentation covering the final rule and other important information.
Negotiated Rulemaking Crane and Derrick Advisory Committee - C-DAC
OSHA published its intent to establish a Crane and Derrick Negotiated Rulemaking Advisory Committee (C-DAC) under the Negotiated Rulemaking Act (NRA) and the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA) on July 16, 2002.
On June 12, 2003, OSHA announced its decision to establish a Crane and Derrick Negotiated Rulemaking Advisory Committee (C-DAC) under the Negotiated Rulemaking Act (NRA), the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act) and the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA). The Charter was filed on June 27, 2003.
The C-DAC Charter was signed on June 27, 2003 by Secretary of Labor Elaine L. Chao. The Charter provided a two year period for C-DAC or until the publication of the proposed standard, whichever is earlier. The Committee would be composed of no more than 25 members including OSHA representative and facilitator with an appropriate balance of interests for negotiated rulemaking. In between July 30, 2003 – July 9, 2004, OSHA held eleven C-DAC meetings.
At 3:15 p.m. EDT on July 9th C-DAC reached final consensus on all issues. All issues were agreed to unanimously except for Section 1422 Operator Qualifications from which AGC and the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) dissented.
Small Business Review Panel
On June 28, 2006, AGC was notified that a SBREFA (Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act) Panel would be convened and that OSHA would need small entity representatives (SERs). On August 10, 2006, OSHA selected seven of AGC's candidates to serve as SERs for the SBREFA Panel. On August 29 and 30, 2006, the SBREFA Panel met via conference call and the written comments were submitted by September 8, 2006. OSHA published their SBREFA Report – Report of the Small Business Advocacy Review Panel on the Preliminary Draft Standard for Cranes and Derricks in Construction" on October 17, 2006.
- AGC Public Comments for the Crane and Derricks in Construction NPRM
- OSHA Grants 45-Day Extension
- AGC Requests 60-Day Extension
- Crane and Derrick in Construction Notice for Proposed Rulemaking
- Summary of the Crane and Derricks in Construction Notice for Proposed Rulemaking
- Compiled OSHA Request for Public Comments on Clarification and Changes
- Final SBREFA Report – 2006
- Dissenting Letter from Mr. Brian Murphy (AGC Representative to C-DAC) to OSHA on Crane Operator Certification